What is Melanin?
Melanin is the natural pigment in our skin that determines our skin color and comes in three types. The red type gives color to our lips and nipples.In high levels, melanin can cause darkening, discoloration and dark spotting of the skin.
In normal amounts, melanin is a naturally occurring pigment that gives our hair, eyes and skin their color. It plays a crucial role in the absorption of aging free radicals and shields the body from various types of ionizing radiation, including overexposure to UV light that often leads to painful and damaging sunburn.
The melanin in our skin is produced by melanocytes, which are cells located in the bottom layer of the epidermis. Regardless of race, everyone has the same amount of melanin, but in darker complexions, the melanocytes up to ten times more active than the melanocytes in white, pale complexions.
Melanocytes are able to produce melanin through their use of the enzyme tyrosinase. When this enzyme is blocked or missing, lighter areas of skin will result. Albinos, for instance, do not have any tyrosinase in their skin, and people who have lighter patches of skin lack tyrosinase in those particular areas.
Many things can affect melanocytes and tyrosinase, including:
- Injuries and other trauma to the skin
- Sun and UV damage
Customers looking for ways to reduce melanin will often ask question such as:
- Melanin for dark lips?
- How can I reduce melanin in lips?
- Lips are dark because of melanin?
- What causes dark lips?
- What can problems for dark lips?